10.09.2008

Talking in Pictures Outline

PART I

Before 1900

Saartje Baartman (the Hottentot Venus) and Africans on Display

Former Slaves--Sojourner Truth, Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass and Others
References:
Nell Irvin Painter, Sojourner Truth: A Life, A Symbol. S

Philadelphia Centennial Exposition (1876) and the Columbian Exposition (1893)
References:
*Christopher Robert Reed, All the World is Here! The Black Presence at White City. Indiana UP 2000;
Robert Rydell, All the World’s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876-1916. University of Chicago Press 1984.
MM. Manring, Slave in a Box: The Strange Career of Aunt Jemima. University of Virginia Press, 1998;
Robert W. Rydell, editor, The Reason Why the Colored American Is Not in the World’s Columbian Exposition, 1999. Ida b. Wells et al.

Jim Crow:
Ira Berlin, et al. Remembering Slavery: African Americans Talk about Their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation. The New Press 1998 (with 2 audiotapes);
Claude H. Nolen, African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War and Reconstruction. McFarland 2001;
Thomas C. Buchanan, Black Life on the Mississippi: Slaves, Free Blacks, and the Western Steamboat World. The University of North Carolina Press, 2004;
Robert Darden, People Get Ready! A New History of Black Gospel Music. Continuum 2004.

PART II—1900
HISTORICALLY BLACK COLLEGES AND PHOTOGRAPHY

Paris Exposition—Negro Exhibition compiled by W.E.B. DuBois
References:
A Small Nation of People: WEB Du Bois and African American Portrait of Progress by David Levering Lewis, Deborah Willis et al, Amistad in association with the Library of Congress, 2005. ISBN: 0060817569
Philadelphia Negro by W.E.B. Du Bois, University of Pennsylvania Press 1995 ISBN: 0812215737;
The Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, Norton Critical Editions ISBN 039397393x;
The Illustrated Souls of Black Folk by W.E.B. Du Bois, Eugene F. Provenzo and Manning Marable, Paradigm Publishers 2004, ISBN 159451030X;
Photography on The Color Line: WEB Du Bois, Race and  the Visual Culture Michelle Shawn tk, Duke UP 2004.

Prints & Photographs Reading Room
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/pphome.html
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/catalog.html
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html

“21. African American Photographs Assembled for 1900 Paris Exposition—482”
Personal Outline of Contents—include here.

Wm Sheppard, the Kuba and the Belgian Congo
References:
Arthur Danto et al, ART/Artifact: African Art in Anthropology Collections. The Center for African Art & Prestel Verlag, 1989. Sheppard is a Hampton Graduate and also eventually donated his Kuba collection to Hampton where it remains in the Museum there. Just the most amazing story, subject of my grad student Ira Dworkin’s dissertation in English CUNY 1999 I believe.

Hampton AlbumFrances Benjamin Johnston
References:
The Hampton Album: 44 Photographs from An Album of Hampton Institute by Frances Benjamin Johnston, Doubleday 1966;
The Woman Behind the Lens: The Life and Work of Frances Benjamin Johnston, 1864-1952. University Press of Virginia 2000.

34. Johnston (Frances Benjamin) Collection"

Prints & Photographs Reading Room
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html

38. Alan Lomax Collection

41. National Child Labor Committee Collection

Hampton Camera Club and Paul Lawrence Dunbar
References:
To Conserve a Legacy: Art Collections at Historically Black Colleges edited by Rick Powell and Jock Reynolds Williams College

Penn School PapersSt. Helena Island, South Carolina
3000 photographs 1860s through 1962; 
124 prints made from glass plates by Robert Richmond Miner
Instructor in drawing at Hampton and a professional photographer who visited Penn several times between 1907-1923. 
Also active in the Hampton Camera Club; illustrated some of Paul Lawrence Dunbar’s books. Most of his photos of St. Helena were published in a volume edited by Edith M. Dabbs, Faces of an Island: Leigh Richmond Miner’s Photographs of Saint Helena Island (Columbia, SC: R.L. Bryan, 1970.)

Booker T. Washington and Photography at Tuskegee

Related Topics--Racial Subject Matter

Lewis Hine and Child Labor

Vicki Goldsberg, Lewis W. Hine: Children at Work, Prestel 1999 ISBN: 3-7913-2156-0 Paperbook;
Priceless Children: American Photographs 1890-1925--Child Labor and The Pictorialist Ideal, University of Washington Press, ISBN 0-295-98192-x;
Maren Stang, Symbols of Ideal Life: Social Documentary Photography in America, 1890-1950, University of Cambridge.

Julian Dimock and the Carolinas
Camera Man's Journey: Julian Dimock's South edited by Thomas L. Johnson & NIna J. Root, The University of Georgia Press 2002 Paperback Edition

Jack Johnson: the Heavy Weight Champion
References:
Gerald Ward,
Unforgiveable Blackness: The Rise & Fall of Jack Johnson. Knopf 2004.
Gerald Horne,
Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920. New York University Press 2005.

Ota Benga and the St. Louis Fair, 1904
Annie E. Coombes,
Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination. Yale University Pres 1994.
Phillips Verner Bradford and Harvey Blume,
Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo. St. Martin’s Press, 1992.

PART III--The 1920s

World War I
Blacks in WWI--Wilson's segregation of the federal government, black troops in France, their heroism and their violent return to the South.   There aren't a lot of picture books but everybody has pictures of WWI soldiers in the families, maybe. I’ve got some. 

James Van Der Zee
VanDerZee by Deborah Willis-Braithwaite, Harry Abrams 1998, ISBN: 0810927829;
Word, Image, and The New Negro: Representation and Identity in the Harlem Renaissance by Anne Elizabeth Carroll, University of Minnesota 2005.

Robert Roberts
A True Likeness: The Black South of Richard Samuel Roberts, 1920-1936, Thomas E. Johnson and Phillip C. Dunn, eds., University of Washington Press, ISBN: 0-86316-175-8.

Josephine Baker
Jean-Claude Baker,
Josephine: The Hungry Heart, Random House, 1993;
Phyllis Rose,
Jazz Cleopatra: Josephine Baker in Time Doubleday, 1989

Paul Robeson

Louis Armstrong

Lynching and Race Riots
James Allen,
Without Sanctuary: Lynching Photography in America, Twin Palms 2000.
Walter White,
Fire in the Flint 1924.
Anne Rice, ed.
Witnessing Lynching: American Writers Respond. Rutgers UP 2003;
Tim Madigan,
The Burning: Massacre, Destruction, and the Tulsa Race Riot of 1921. St. Martins, 2001.


PART IV--The 30s

Zora Neale Hurston—Folk Culture and Performance I

Alan Lomax--Folk Culture and Performance II

Prints & Photographs Reading Room
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html
38. Alan Lomax Collection

Alan Lomax,
The Land Where The Blues Began, The New Press, 1993; The Land Where The Blues Began CD 1993.

Gee’s Bend: Folk Culture III
In addition there are online at the Library of Congress a series of essays entitled
Documenting America with chapters devoted to the black images of Ben Shahn in Pulaski County, Arkansas, Arthur Rothstein in Gee’s Bend, Alabama and Gordon Parks in Washington, D.C.

Slave Narratives WPA

Doris Ullman
Philip Walker Jacobs,
The Life and Photography of Doris Ulmann. University Press of Kentucky 2001;
The Darkness and The Light: Photographs by Doris Ullman. Aperture 1974.

James Agee and Walker Evans, Let Us Now Praise Famous Men
Let Us Now Praise Famous Men: The American Classic in Words and Photographs of Three Tenant Families in the Deep South by James Agree and Walker Evans, University of Georgia Press 1995, ISBN: 082031692X;

And Their Children After Them: The Legacy of Let Us Now Praise Famous Men by Dale Maharidge and Michael Williamson, Seven Stories Press 2004, ISBN: 1583226575;
Walker Evans: Photographs for the FSA, 1935-1938, Da Capo Press 1973, also available on line at the Library of Congress;
Walker Evans: Cuba, The J. Paul Getty Museum 2001, ISBN: 0-89236-617-6;
James Agee Rediscovered: The Journals of Let Us Now Praise Famous Men and Other New Manuscripts, University of Tennessee Press 2005, ISBN: 1-57233-355-3.

PART V—THE FORTIES
FSA PHOTOGRAPHY

You Have Seen Their Faces by Erskine Caldwell & Margaret Bourke-White, University of Georgia Press January 1995 ISBN:082031692X.
The Black Image in the New Deal: The Politics of FSA Photography, University of Tennessee Press 1992.
Documenting America, 1935-1943 edited by Carl Fleischhauer et al, University of California Press in association with the Library of Congress, 1988.
Stott, William 1986.
Documentary Expression and Thirties America. University of Chicago Press.
.

Prints & Photographs Reading Room—LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WEBSITE
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/pphome.html
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/catalog.html
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/pp/pphome.html

“21. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Black and White Negatives, 171,000, 22. Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Color –about 1600 color transparencies”

Richard Wright and The Black Metropolis
References:
12 MILLION BLACK VOICES by Richard Wright, Thunder Mouth Press December 2002 ISBN 1560254467;
BLACK METROPOLIS: A STUDY OF NEGRO LIFE IN A NORTHERN CITY by ST. Clair Drake et al, University of Chicago Press 1993 ISBN 0226162346;
BRONZEVILLE: BLACK CHICAGO IN PICTURES, 1941-1943 by Maren Stange et al, New Press 2004, ISBN 1565849000;
CHICAGO'S SOUTHSIDE: 1946-48 by Wayne F. Mller. University of California Press 2000.

D.C. AND HARLEM—GORDON PARKS AND OTHERS
References:
IN THE ALLEYS: KIDS IN THE SHADOW OF THE CAPITOL, Photographs by Godfrey Frankel, Smithsonian 1995;
GORDON PARKS: HALF PAST AUTUMN--A RETROSPECTIVE;
FLAVIO by Gordon Parks Norton 1978
GORDON PARKS: A POET AND HIS CAMERA, Viking Press 1968.


The 50s—The Sweet Flypaper of Life
References:
Roy De Carava and Langston Hughes
THE SWEET FLYPAPER OF LIFE by Roy Decarava and Langston Hughes, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, January 1967. ISBN: 080901338X Used Paperback Reissue;
A WAY OF SEEING: PHOTOGRAPHS BY HELEN LEVITT, with an essay by James Agee, Duke UP 1989;.
CONSUELA KANAGA: AN AMERICAN PHOTOGRAPHER by Barbara Head Millstein and Sarah M. Lowe, The Brooklyn Museum in association with University of Washington Press, 1992.

JAZZ PHOTOGRAPHY
References:
THE GREAT JAZZ DAY: THE STORY BEHIND THE MOST FAMOUS JAZZ PHOTGRAPH OF ALL TIME by Charles Graham et al, Da Capo 2000, ISBN: 0-306-81163-4;

The Family of Man compiled by Edward Steichen
References:
THE FAMILY OF MAN by Edward Steichen, Museum of Modern Art Paperback edition 1955;
PICTURING AN EXHIBITION: THE FAMILY OF MAN AND 19050S AMERICA, University of New Mexico Press 1995;
PHOTOGRAPHY AND POLITICS IN AMERICA: FROM THE NEW DEAL INTO THE COLD WAR by Lili Corbus Bezner. Johns Hopkins University Press 1999.


ADDITIONAL UNCLASSIFIED REFERENCES:

NORTH WEBSTER: A PHOTOGRAPHIC HISTORY OF A BLACK COMMUNITY by Ann Morris and Henrietta Ambrose, Indiania UP 1993. ISBN: 0-253-33895-6.

Scurlock Studio Records, ca. 1905-1994: A Preliminary Finding Aid by David E. Haberstich et al.
Archive Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C. http//americanhistory.si.edu/archives/scurlock/index.html

Regarding Addison N. Scurlock, the finding guide says this of his portraits:

10—“Although the individual images in this vast quantity have limited research value in the usual sense, the aggregate represents a chronology spanning many years, which may be usefl for demographic and genealogical information and as visual evidence of changing styles in clothing, hair, and accessories. It constitutes a panarama of a significant percentage of Washingonians of the period, especially the black community.”

Howard University from the 1930s through the 60s; Wedding Photos—no details; Total of 250 Images
Other Penn School Resources--Archive
1000 unmounted photographs. Black and White prints of watercolors by Winold Reiss. Amateur and professional photographers all white. Several albums documenting the lives of the people of St. Helena over a 100 year period.
2 albums assembled by Helen C. Jenks, Photograph Album PA-3615/Volume 78 & 79, 1898 through early 1900s; Photograph Album PA-3615/Volume 80 1902-1905; Photograph Albums PA-3615Volume 81—early 1900s;
Nine Volumes of official Penn School Display Albums, assembled and captioned by Rossa B. Cooley.—through the thirties, different compositions—local scenes, construction of school buildings, all the categories of the Hamptons and more.
Detailed inventory of unmounted photographs although not available online I believe.

Concerning Florence Mills: www.florencemills.com

Photographic History--American

Michael L. Carlebach, American Photojournalism Comes of Age. Smithsonian Press, 1997.
Gandal, Keith 1997. The Virtues of the Vicious: Jacob Riis, Stephen Crane, and the Spectacle of the Slum. Oxford 1997.
Davidov, Judith Fryer 1998. Women’s Camera Work: Self/Body/Other in American Visual Culture. Duke UP 1998.
Fleishhauer, Carl et al. Documenting America, 1935-1943. University of California Press (1988) 1997.
Stott, William 1986. Documentary Expression and Thirties America. University of Chicago Press.
Naef, Weston 1978. Fifty Pioneers of Modern Photography: The Collection of Alfred Stieglitz. Metropolitan Museum of Art and Viking, 1978.

Photographic History--Anthropological
Elizabeth Edwards, ed. Anthropology & Photography, 1860-1920. Yale University Press, 1992.
Oksiloff, Assenka 2001. Picturing the Primitive: Visual Culture, Ethnography, and Early German Cinema. Palgrave.
Paula Rabinowitz, They Must Be Represented: The Politics of Documentary. Verso 1994.


Photographic History—Afro-American
Deborah Willis, Reflections in Black: A History of Black Photographers: 1840 to The Present, Norton 2000.
Deborah Willis and Carla Williams, The Black Female Body: A Photographic History. Temple University Press, 2002.
Nicholas Natanson, The Black Image in the New Deal: The Politics of FSA Photography. University of Tennessee Press, 1992.

Photographic History: Native American
Paul Richardson Fleming and Judith Luskey, The North American Indians in Early Photographs. Barnes and Nobles Books, 1986.

Cultural Histories Using Photographic Collections
Africa:
Annie E. Coombes, Reinventing Africa: Museums, Material Culture and Popular Imagination. Yale University Pres 1994.
Arthur Danto et al, ART/Artifact: African Art in Anthropology Collections. The Cener for African Art & Prestel Verlag, 1989.
Assenka Oksiiloff, Picturing the Primitive; Visual Culture, Ethnography, and Early German Cinema. Palgrave 2001.
Anne Hugon, The Exploration of Africa: From Cairo to the Cape, Abrams 1993.
Raymond Bachollet et al. Negripub: l’image des Noirs dans la publicite, Somogy 1992.
Croutier, Alev Lytle. Harem: The World Behind the Veil. New York: Abbeville Press, 1989.


The U.S.:
John W. Ravage, Black Pioneers; Images of the Black Experience on the North American Frontier. University of Utah Press 1997.
William Loren Katz, The Black West: A Documentary and Pictorial History of the African American Role in the Westward Expansion in the United States. Touchstone 1996.
Ira Berlin, et al. Remembering Slavery: African Amerians Talk about Their Personal Experiences of Slavery and Emancipation. The New Press 1998 (with 2 audiotapes).
Claude H. Nolen, African American Southerners in Slavery, Civil War and Reconstruction. McFarland 2001.
Thomas C. Buchanan, Black Life on the Mississippi: Slaves, Free Blacks, and the Western Steamboat World. The University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
Robert Darden, People Get Ready! A New History of Black Gospel Music. Continuum 2004.
Gerald Ward, Unforgiveable Blackness: The Rise & Fall of Jack Johnson. Knopf 2004.
Phillips Verner Bradford and Harvey Blume, Ota Benga: The Pygmy in the Zoo. St. Martin’s Press, 1992.
The Black Book. Random House 1974.
Robert W. Rydell et al, Fair America: World’s Fairs in the United States. Smithsonian Institution Press 2000.
Richard Wormser, The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow. St. Martin’s Press 2003.
Adam Fairclough, Teaching Equality: Black Schools in the Age of Jim Crow. University of Georgia Press 2001.
Kevin Gaines, Uplifting the Race: Black Leadership, Politics, and Culture in the Twentieth Century. University of NC Press, 1996.
Peter F. Lau, editor. From the Grassroots to the Supreme Court: Brown v. Board of Education and American Democracy. Duke University Press 2004.
Craig E. Barton, ed. Sites of Memory; Perspectives on Architecture and Race. Princeton Architectural Press 2001.
Carl Fleischhauer et al, Documenting America: 1935-1943. University of California Press, 1988.
Anne Elizabeth Carroll, Word, Image, and the New Negro: Representation and Identity in the Harlem Renaissance. Indiana UP 2005.

Mexico:
Gerald Horne, Black and Brown: African Americans and the Mexican Revolution, 1910-1920. New York University Press 2005.

Brazil:
Parks, Gordon 1978. Flavio. New York: Norton.

No comments:

About Me

My photo
I am a writer and a professor of English at the City College of New York, and the CUNY Graduate Center. My books include Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman (1979), Invisibility Blues (1990), Black Popular Culture (1992), and Dark Designs and Visual Culture (2005). I write cultural criticism frequently and am currently working on a project on creativity and feminism among the women in my family, some of which is posted on the Soul Pictures blog.